The Automakers chose to launch their Hybrid (HEVs) and Plugin Hybrid (PHEVs) variants of their traditional combustion engine vehicles, before launching the purely electric variant of the same in the market. Both HEVs and PHEVs were launched in the market to increase the fuel economy as well as test whether the customers are in favor of electric cars or not. As a result, the companies got positive feedback from the customers. Plugin Hybrid Vehicles are quite popular in their segments. Both HEVs and PHEVs have their pros and cons. Both the conventional Hybrid Vehicles and Plugin Hybrid Vehicles are comparable to each other. The only difference is the size of the electric batteries and the gasoline engines. Also, the charging of the batteries is different in both segments.
Regular Hybrid Vehicles vs Plugin Hybrid EVs
Conventional Hybrid Vehicles (HEVs) and Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) are somewhat similar to each other. Regular Hybrid Vehicles consist of both the IC engine and a small electric battery. The Automakers decided to add a small battery pack with a regular combustion engine to increase the vehicle’s fuel economy. Hence this is called a Hybrid setup wherein both engines, and the battery pack is responsible for the performance and efficiency of the car. In Hybrid vehicles, the combustion engine uses its output power to recharge the battery pack. Also, the technique of regenerative braking is responsible for the recharging of the battery. Since the battery pack is small, and it is easier to charge it through engine and regen braking, therefore there is no need to physically plugging the battery pack to the charger.
On the other hand, the Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle is powered by the large electric battery pack, which in turn powers the motors. But also has a combustion engine and can also run on gasoline in reserve. The battery pack primarily produces power for the vehicle since the reserve gasoline engine is comparatively smaller than conventional IC engines. The reason it is called Plugin Hybrid is that the battery pack needs to be plugged in the traditional charging socket. In the case of Plugin Hybrid EVS or PHEVs, the engine does not charge the battery pack. Since the battery pack is quite enormous and the engine is too small, therefore the PHEVs must be plugged in for the recharge.
Which one of the two is better?
Hybrid Vehicles are more of an upgrade to the combustion engine vehicles to improve the fuel economy. Whereas the Plugin Hybrids use battery packs for generating the power for the car. Therefore, the use of gasoline is less in Plugin Hybrid EVs as compared to conventional Hybrid vehicles. Hence Plugin Hybrids are more environmentally friendly. But the Plugin Hybrid Vehicles (PHEVs) are more expensive than the Hybrid motor vehicles. The Lithium-ion, as well as the Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH), both are costly batteries used in such PHEVs. The lithium-ion battery pack is even more expensive than the NiMH batteries. But the Automobile companies and manufacturers prefer Li-ion batteries because it has larger electricity storing capacity as compared to others, and the power delivery is more efficient.
Although the Plugin Hybrid vehicles are more expensive than the Hybrid vehicles, they are much more helpful in saving the environment and reduce the dependency on gasoline. Yet some cons need to be fixed by the companies, but electric-powered vehicles are the future of the Automobile Industry.
Plugin Hybrids or PHEVs come in between the hybrid or HEVs and purely electric vehicles. Although it primarily uses the battery packs for power, it still depends on the gasoline engine when in reserve. Hence it cannot be said as purely electric. Also, the Plugin Hybrids range on the purely electric format is still not up to the mark. Therefore, it can be the reason for the consumers to ponder upon it. If the buyer is investing so much in this kind of vehicle, he would expect much more in return. Although it can be charged overnight at home, what about long journeys. The plugin hybrid vehicles would not be able to give a more extended range using batteries. Then the long charging time can ruin the mood of the buyer.
Hence there are both pros and cons of the Plugin Hybrid EVs or PHEVs. It depends on the consumer, which one to go for among the two. The hybrid vehicles are cheap but not environmentally friendly. Therefore, companies need to work on both domains to satisfy the needs and demands of their respective customers. Although nowadays, the Automobile Industry is following the complete electric revolution. The OEMs and other companies at national and global levels are working to improve and enhance the Electric Vehicle technology. Although the Electric Mobility, plugin hybrid vehicles, and other technologies are healthier for the environment, the companies must be considering the consumers. Despite the improvement in technology, the customers will still buy the product which fulfills its daily requirements and fits in their pockets.