E-Mobility is the future of the Automobile Industry. Many automotive companies are switching to or already shifted to electric vehicle production. But, to build a proper extensive EV industry, only manufacturing electric vehicles would not help. Hence, the Electric Vehicle Industry requires an organized and efficient infrastructure for the setup or expansion of E-Mobility. The Central Government, along with respective ministries, has to plan and initiate the process if they want the development of the combustion less vehicle industry. It will take time to completely transform the Automobile industry. But a good and projected start will help to achieve the goals in the long run.
A comprehensive infrastructure is required for E-Mobility
The E-mobility or an Electric Vehicle Industry requires an organized and efficient infrastructure for the setup or expansion of its in various countries. One of the most crucial parts is setting up charging stations around every corner of the country. And not just regular chargers, but installing dc fast chargers for fast recharging of electric vehicles. The industry can effectively plan all the supply chain and other OEMs, but the primary responsibility is to build charging stations that are accessible to all the owners of EVs.
Many electric vehicles manufacturing companies, Including Tesla, other renowned brands, are quite successful in the American and Chinese markets. On the other hand, India is also putting its effort to expand the E-Mobility in the nation. Although few international, as well as local companies, have launched their electric vehicles in the country, still the response was not as expected. Pawan Goenka, MD, Mahindra & Mahindra reported that to increase the share of E-Mobility in India, the companies must plan to provide high-quality services rather than just focusing on the selling of electric vehicles.
There are a few problems which need to be fixed. First of all, the EVs are quite expensive as compared to combustion engine vehicles. Secondly, the companies are unable to provide a high range in EVs. And the third and the most crucial problem is that the infrastructure for E-Mobility is not up to the mark. There are very few charging stations in the country, and many Indian buyers can’t set up a single charger at their homes. The first two problems are quite ironic, but still, the companies are planning to reduce the prices by 10-15 percent. The solution to the third will solve all the difficulties.
Action plans for increasing E-Mobility in India
The Ministry of Power passed revised E-Mobility guidelines in October 2019. The Union Minister of State for Power and New and Renewable Energy, Mr. RK Singh, reported that the new guidelines were designed to improve and solve previous issues with electric vehicles. The main focus was on enhancing and developing a greater number of fast-charging stations in the nation. The problem of a lesser range of an EV can be somewhat solved with the development of a greater number of charging infrastructures.
The government of India wants to bring a green revolution until 2030. Therefore, some firm guidelines and standards were made to achieve the E-Mobility in India. Since India is a vast country and spreading the charging infrastructure at once is not an easy deed. Hence, to spread the network of infrastructure, the installation of the charging stations will take place in phases. In phase 1 (1-3 years), the government aims to install charging stations in every express highway connected to megacities. For the second phase (3-5 years), union territories and other big cities will come under the network of charging infrastructure. At least one charging station will be installed within a radius of 3KM in the cities.
Also, the three types of charging infrastructure will be set up in the coming years. First is the public charging station or a PCS. The government plans to install fast-charging stations for heavy vehicles and other long-range EVs. The State Nodal Agencies must take care of all the charging stations in their respective states. Secondly, the guidelines also state to install private charging ports at residential and official places. The State Nodal Agency must take care of it as well. The last is the Restricted Public Use charging stations. It means that people can approach to set up a charging station for residential societies, malls, restaurants, or any other public places. But only permitted people can use the charging facility.